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What is ABA Therapy

What is ABA Therapy – Autism and Therapy

What is ABA therapy? Applied Behavior Analysis

ABA is a short key for Applied Behavior Analysis. In this post we answer ‘ “what is ABA therapy”  and provide a short description.

Therapy applied during early developmental stages of children have stronger effects. Early intervention can lead to greater response to therapy. Focusing on the relationship between environmental factors and behavior requires observation.

The primary caretaker is the best person in position to observe a child’s behavior in their early life. The primary care taker most often will be the parents.

ABA therapy applies science to achieve behavior modification.  Modern behavioral learning or sometimes called ‘behavioralism’ proposes that behaviors are basically the things we do in thinking, willing, and feeling.

Behaviors can be altered by environmental modifications and by altering the behavioral patterns themselves.

Recognizing behavioral patterns requires observation and documentation.

From the observations strategies for therapy can be developed and applied to effect the desired modification.

Autism Speaks is an authority site that offers a more scientific yet easy to understand definition.

Behavior analysis is a scientifically validated approach to understanding behavior and how it is affected by the environment. In this context, “behavior” refers to actions and skills. “Environment” includes any influence – physical or social – that might change or be changed by one’s behavior.

On a practical level, the principles and methods of behavior analysis have helped many different kinds of learners acquire many different skills – from healthier lifestyles to the mastery of a new language. Since the 1960s, therapists have been applying behavior analysis to help children with autism and related developmental disorders.

What is Applied Behavior Analysis?

Behavior analysis focuses on the principles that explain how learning takes place. Positive reinforcement is one such principle. When a behavior is followed by some sort of reward, the behavior is more likely to be repeated. Through decades of research, the field of behavior analysis has developed many techniques for increasing useful behaviors and reducing those that may cause harm or interfere with learning.

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is the use of these techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior.

As mentioned, behavior analysts began working with young children with autism and related disorders in the 1960s. Early techniques often involved adults directing most of the instruction. Some allowed the child to take the lead. Since that time, a wide variety of ABA techniques have been developed for building useful skills in learners with autism – from toddlers through adulthood.

These techniques can be used in structured situations such as a classroom lesson as well as in “everyday” situations such as family dinnertime or the neighborhood playground. Some ABA therapy sessions involve one-on-one interaction between the behavior analyst and the participant. Group instruction can likewise prove useful.

We hope these answers satisfy the question ‘what is ABA therapy’. Our plans are to post more on the topic. Check in later. Also if you wish: read the Autism Speaks article.

Do you think therefore it is imperative to train primary caretakers? Knowing what is ABA therapy is a skill that would help a child lead a more productive and fulfilling life.

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